Open letter to the BMA about the Health White Paper

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Signed by 119 Doctors

Published on BMJ online:

BMJ 2011; 342:d7 doi: 10.1136/bmj.d7 (Published 4 January 2011)  

Cite this as: BMJ 2011; 342:d7

Clive Peedell and more than 100 co-signatories ask why the BMA is not representing its membership and has acted as though the proposed health reforms are a done deal

Open letter to the Chair of BMA Council, Chair of the BMA General Practitioners Committee (GPC), and all members of the BMA GPC

Dear Dr Meldrum, Dr Buckman and members of the BMA General Practitioners Committee (GPC)

Following the publication of the health White Paper earlier this year, Dr Meldrum wrote to the profession to let us know how the BMA was going to respond to the consultation process [1]. As you know, BMA Council agreed only to “critical engagement with the consultation process”.

The consultation period is now over and it is clear from the Department of Health’s response to the consultation [2], that the BMA’s policy of “critical engagement” has failed to persuade the Government to slow down or change its approach. The BMA quite rightly responded with a damning press statement:

There is little evidence in this response that the government is genuinely prepared to engage with constructive criticism of its plans for the NHS. Most of the major concerns that doctors and many others have raised about the White Paper seem, for the most part, to have been disregarded.”

In fact, Andrew Lansley’s plans are now even more market based. Within the new Operational Framework for the NHS in England, [3] he is introducing “price competition” into the NHS, which fundamentally changes the NHS from being a “quasi-market” system of fixed prices (tariffs) to a much more open market system. Hospitals will be allowed to charge rates lower than the national tariff, which sets the prices for thousands of NHS procedures and covers roughly half of hospital income. According to Zack Cooper from the London School of Economics, “Every shred of evidence suggests that price competition in healthcare makes things worse, not better.” [4]

The NHS Confederation also share this analysis [5]: “Economic theory predicts that price competition is likely to lead to declining quality where (as in healthcare) quality is harder to observe than price. Evidence from price competition in the 1990s internal market and in cost-constrained markets in the US confirms this, with falling prices and reduced quality, particularly in harder-to-observe measures”.

Moreover the BMA have stated that it has “concerns over the use of ‘best practice’ or deregulated tariffs in the NHS, as the system brings with it price competition, which can risk basing decisions on price rather than on clinical need.” [6]

The White Paper has not even been published as a Health Bill as yet. It will then need to be read in Parliament and then go through the legislative process. We are therefore very concerned that the BMA and more specifically the BMA General Practitioners Committee (GPC) is treating proposed policy (i.e a White Paper) as if it is policy. For example, on the17th December 2010, the GPC Chair, Dr Buckman wrote a letter to all GPs stating that [7]:

“Practices should now be working with other practices to make progress in setting up their embryonic consortia and electing and appointing a transitional leadership”

In addition, the BMA recently published a briefing paper called Shaping change: BMA’s position on the future development of the proposed NHS reforms” [6]

On the topic of GP Consortia and commissioning, the paper stated that:

The pace of change in developing commissioning must allow the vanguard to develop swiftly”

So, despite explicit reassurances from Dr Meldrum and BMA Council that the BMA would only “critically engage” with the consultation, this does not appear to be in keeping with what the BMA is actually doing. The fact that market based policies have actually been strengthened by Mr Lansley, goes completely against the BMA’s stated policy from numerous Annual Representative Meetings (ARMs). It is therefore clearly time for the BMA to withdraw its “critical engagement” policy with the coalition government and start to engage properly with the membership. It is remarkable that despite “the most radical restructuring of the NHS since its inception” [8], BMA Council recently voted against holding a Special Representative Meeting (SRM) of the BMA to allow its membership to debate the current proposals. This is in contrast with the BMA’s stance against the other most significant NHS White paper reforms, Working for Patients in 1989, where two SRMs were held to debate the issues. Whilst the BMA has also failed to formally survey the profession on the White Paper, surveys conducted by the King’s Fund and the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) have both revealed major concerns from the profession, with fewer than one in four doctors believing that that the proposed reforms will improve the quality the patient care provided by their organisation or practice. [9]

We believe that the BMA and more specifically the BMA GPC currently has no mandate from the BMA membership to continue with the “critical engagement” policy that it is still clearly employing. Mr Lansley’s reform agenda has been widely criticised across the health policy and political spectrum as moving too fast. These critics include one of the Coalition Government’s own Cabinet minsters, Mr Vince Cable. Yet, the current approach from the BMA only serves to increase the pace of reform because the BMA has effectively sent a message to the profession that the White Paper is a “done deal”.

We have serious concerns that the White Paper reforms will fundamentally undermine the founding principles of the NHS by creating a more much expensive and inequitable market based healthcare system. The “Curate’s Egg” is a rotten egg. However, we also believe that it is not too late to save the NHS by derailing the White Paper reforms. The Health Service Journal placed Dr Meldrum at number 3 and Dr Buckman at number 8 of the top 100 most influential people in the NHS this year (up from number 35 last year) and stated [10]:

From an influence point of view the BMA is critical because it could derail the coalition’s white paper reforms, which propose a clinically led system. If the BMA were to say no, then the whole initiative could grind to a halt”

Thus the NHS really is in your hands. We understand the great pressures you are under, but it is now time to mobilize the power of the profession and stop these damaging reforms which will destroy not only the NHS, but also profoundly impact upon the social fabric of our nation.

This is a great opportunity for the BMA to achieve redemption for its opposition to the inception of the NHS in 1948. We urge you to take it and will support you 100% of the way.

Yours Sincerely

Dr Clive Peedell

Consultant Clinical Oncologist

BMA Council

BMA Political Board

Co-chair NHS Consultants Association

The following 118 doctors are co-signatories to the open letter: Charlotte Abson, consultant oncologist, Maidstone; J Mark Aitken, consultant physician (retired), Leavenheath, Suffolk; Amina Aitsi-Selmi, Wellcome Trust PhD Research Fellow, London; Ian Banks, president of the European Men’s Health Forum, London; Christopher Bem, consultant surgeon (ear, nose, and throat, and neck), Bradford; Morris Bernadt, consultant psychiatrist, London; Crispin Best, Chair, BMA Scottish Local Negotiating Committee Forum; John Beynon, consultant gynaecologist, Chichester; Kambiz Boomla, chair, City and East London Local Medical Committee, London; David Bramble, consultant child and adolescent psychiatrist, Shrewsbury; David Broughton, clinical director (older people), Middlesbrough; Peter Bruggen, retired consultant psychiatrist, London; Christopher Burns Cox, consultant physician, Bristol; Nicholas Burns-Cox, consultant urologist, Taunton; Penelope Burton, general practitioner (retired), Hampshire; Ruth Caudwell, consultant community paediatrician, London; Iain Chalmers, editor, James Lind Library, Oxford; Anne Chamberlain, consultant in rehabilitation medicine (retired), Leeds; Peter Crome, consultant geriatrician, Keele; Robert Cumming, retired consultant haematologist, Glasgow; David Cundall, consultant in community paediatrics, Leeds; S Dar, specialty registrar, Essex; Jonathan Dare, emeritus consultant in child psychiatry, London; Jacky Davis, co-chair of the NHS Consultants Association and founding member of Keep Our NHS Public; Nicholas Dennis, consultant in clinical genetics, Southampton; John Dickinson, general physician (retired), Sheffield; Paola Domizio, histopathologist, London; Joanna Downton, consultant in rehabilitation medicine, Stockport; Christopher Dowrick, professor of primary medical care, Liverpool; Gary Drybala, consultant psychiatrist, Leicester; Robert Elkeles, professor of diabetic medicine and consultant physician, London; David Elliman, consultant paediatrician, London; Nina Essex, consultant physician (retired), London; Barry Fairbrother, consultant surgeon, Sutton, Ashfield; Henry Fell, consultant microbiologist (retired), Bury St Edmunds; Jacqueline Ferguson, consultant in psychotherapy, Oxford; Peter Fisher, president of the NHS Consultants Association and consultant physician (retired), Banbury; Peter Fleming, paediatrician, Bristol; Andrea Franks, consultant dermatologist, Chester; Roger Franks, consultant cardiothoracic surgeon, Liverpool; Robert Galloway, specialty registrar in emergency medicine, Tunbridge Wells; Zahid Ghufoor, general practitioner, London; John Gibbs, consultant paediatrician, Chester; Geoffrey Gill, consultant physician, Liverpool; Colin Godber, consultant in old age psychiatry (retired), Winchester; Niru Goenka, consultant physician in diabetes and endocrinology, Chester; Steve Goodacre, accident and emergency clinician, Sheffield; Paul Goulden, consultant anaesthetist, Dewsbury; Hilary Graver, general practitioner (retired), London; Richard Grunewald, consultant neurologist, Sheffield; Mary Harrington, consultant physician, Keighley; Evan Harris, former Liberal Democrat MP for Oxford West and Abingdon and Liberal Democrat science spokesman; David Hawkins, consultant physician in HIV and genitourinary medicine, London; Roger Hayter, consultant physician, Machynlleth; Graham Hitman, consultant physician and diabetologist, London; Allan House, director of Leeds Institute of Health Sciences and professor of liaison psychiatry, Leeds; William Irving, consultant virologist, Nottingham; Alex James, registrar in anaesthesia; John Jarrett, emeritus professor of clinical epidemiology (retired), London; David Jobson, general practitioner (retired); Frank Joseph, consultant physician in diabetes and endocrinology, Chester; Harry Keen, professor and consultant physician emeritus, London; Jessica Kirker, psychoanalyst and consultant psychiatrist in psychotherapy, London; Sebastian Kraemer, consultant child psychiatrist, London; David Lawrence, consultant in public health and honorary senior lecturer, London; Andrew Leach, consultant anaesthetist, Hastings; Dianne LeFevre, consultant psychotherapist, Basildon; D G Lewis, consultant anaesthetist emeritus, Leicester; Karen Leyden, consultant anaesthetist, Northampton; Graeme Little, general practitioner, Stockton-on-Tees; Anna Eleri Livingstone, general practice principal and trainer, London; Catherine McGrother, consultant in public health medicine, Leicester; Robert MacGibbon, retired general practitioner, London; Anthony Macklon, consultant physician, Durham; Krishnaswamy Madhavan, consultant oncologist, Southend; Alasdair Miller, clinical teaching fellow, Lincoln; Stephen Moore, consultant in emergency medicine, Chester; Patrick Mullen, consultant in anaesthesia, Chester; Patricia Munday, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Watford; Brendan O’Reilly, general practitioner (retired), South Wales; Ragnar O’Reilly, general practice partner, Colchester; David Paintin, consultant gynaecologist (retired), Great Missenden; Janet Porter, consultant in accident and emergency medicine (retired), Southend; John Puntis, consultant paediatrician, Leeds; Paul Revell, consultant haematologist, Stafford; Alexander Robertson, consultant psychiatrist (retired), Ludlow; Trefor Roscoe, general practitioner, Sheffield; Wendy Savage, obstetrician and gynaecologist, London; Brian Scott, consultant physician, Lincoln; Robert Scott-Jupp, consultant paediatrician, Salisbury; Alex Scott-Samuel, consultant in public health medicine, Liverpool; A G Shaper, emeritus professor, London; Francis Sheehy-Skeffington, consultant paediatrician (retired), Cambridge; Brian Silk, retired consultant paediatrician; Alan Smyth, senior lecturer in paediatric respiratory medicine, Nottingham; Gabriel Steer, general practice principal, Kingston; Fiona Subotsky, consultant child and adolescent psychiatrist, London; John Sweeney, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Blackpool; C Mark Taylor, consultant in paediatric nephrology, Birmingham; David Taylor-Robinson, Medical Research Council population health scientist, Liverpool; Katherine Teale, consultant anaesthetist, Salford; Kathrin Thomas, consultant in public health, general practitioner, and honorary lecturer, Cardiff; Jonathan Tomlinson, general practitioner, London; Gill Turner, consultant in community paediatrics, Hexham; Helen Venning, consultant paediatrician, Nottingham; John Ward, general medicine physician (retired), Sheffield; Anthony Waterston, consultant in community paediatrics (retired), Newcastle; Eric Watts, consultant haematologist, Basildon; Malcolm Weller, emeritus consultant psychiatrist, London; Diane Wellesley, associate specialist in clinical genetics, Southampton; Catharine White, consultant in paediatric neurology, Swansea; Steven White, consultant in clinical neurophysiology, London; Chris Williams, locum staff and specialty grade doctor (haematology), Bangor; Michael Williams, consultant in haematology, Birmingham; Barrie Woodcock, consultant haematologist, Liverpool; Robert Wood-Walker, consultant paediatrician (retired), Colchester; Luke Zander, senior lecturer (retired), London; and Patrick Zentler-Munro, consultant physician, Inverness.

References:

[1] Letter to the profession from Dr Hamish Meldrum. 30th July 2010 available @

http://web2.bma.org.uk/pressrel.nsf/wlu/SGOY-87UCEG?OpenDocument&vw=wfmms

Accessed on 22/12/10

[2] Liberating the NHS: Legislative framework and next steps. Department of Health. 15th December 2010

http://www.dh.gov.uk/prod_consum_dh/groups/dh_digitalassets/@dh/@en/@ps/documents/digitalasset/dh_122707.pdf

[3] The Operating Framework for the NHS in England 2011/12. Department of Health. Available @

http://www.dh.gov.uk/en/Publicationsandstatistics/Publications/PublicationsPolicyAndGuidance/DH_122738

Accessed 23/12/10

[4] Price competition could raise death rates, experts warn. Health Service Journal. 17th December 2010. Available @  http://www.hsj.co.uk/news/finance/price-competition-could-raise-death-rates-experts-warn/5023349.article

Accessed on 22/12/10

[5] NHS Confederation response to the White Paper: Regulating healthcare providers. October 11th 2010   http://www.nhsconfed.org/Documents/Response%20to%20Regulating%20healthcare%20providers%20FINAL.pdf

Accessed on 22/12/10

[6] BMA briefing: Shaping change: BMA’s position on the future development of the proposed NHS reforms. Available @ http://www.bma.org.uk/images/whitepaperbmabriefingdec2010_tcm41-202540.pdf

Accessed on 22/12/10

[7] Dr Laurence Buckman’s letter to GPs. Avavilable @ http://www.bma.org.uk/wa/representation/branch_committees/general_prac/letternhswhitepaperdec10.jsp

Accessed on 22/12/10

[8] Liberating the NHS. The right prescription in a cold climate? King’s Fund. 2010. Available @ www.kingsfund.org.uk/document.rm?id=8780

Accessed on 22/12/10

[9] Impact of the Health White paper. What do doctors think? King’s Fund 2010

http://www.kingsfund.org.uk/current_projects/the_nhs_white_paper/impact_of_the_health.html

Accessed 23/12/10

[10] 003 – Dr Hamish Meldrum. Health Service Journal.  17th November 2010. Available @

http://www.hsj.co.uk/home/hsj-100/003-dr-hamish-meldrum/5021931.article

Accessed 23/12/10

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